• Aphrodite (Venus of Taurida)

    Dimensions:
    height: 167,0 cm

Aphrodite (Venus of Taurida)

Ancient Greece, 2nd century BC

The Hellenistic Era is the name given to the period between 336 BC (when Alexander the Great became ruler of Macedonia) and 30 BC (when the Romans conquered Ptolemaic Egypt). During that time, Greek culture spread rapidly beyond the bounds of the Greek states. Perhaps the most important development in the depiction of the deities in Hellenistic sculpture was the creation of a nude statue of Aphrodite. Aphrodite had always been venerated as the goddess of sensual love, but it was only Praxiteles in the 4th century BC who ventured to be first to depict her naked, in the temple at Knidos (or Cnidus). The Hermitage’s famed Taurida Venus dating from the 2nd century BC is a rare authentic Greek work (rather than a copy from Roman times) that goes back to the celebrated Aphrodite of Knidos. The statue was acquired by Peter the Great in 1719 and was one of the first from Classical Antiquity to appear in Russia. The sculpture was installed in the Summer Garden, in a gallery with a sentry detailed to guard it. Later it was moved into the Grotto of the Summer Garden. In the early 19th century, the statue was displayed in Saint Petersburg’s Taurida Palace, which is how the name Taurida Venus arose.

Title:

Aphrodite (Venus of Taurida)

Material:

Dimensions:

height: 167,0 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1850; handed over from the Tauride Palace, St Petersburg

Inventory Number:

ГР-3054

Category:

Collection:

Subcollection:

User collections including this work of art: